The 1947 partition of India and Pakistan led to the marking of a long white line that defines the Wagah Border between the two neighbors. It is also referred to as the ‘Berlin Wall of Asia‘ lies on the Grand Trunk Road between the cities of Amritsar in Punjab, India and Lahore in Punjab, Pakistan. It is located 24 kms from Lahore and 32 kms from Amritsar. It is also 3 kms from the bordering village of Attari. In Pakistan the Border crossing is known as the Wahga Border whereas in India it is called Atari Border crossing. It is the only open border crossing India and Pakistan and which is officially accessible by both the nations.
It has become famous for the lowering of the flag ceremony or the beating retreat ceremony, which includes the closing of international gates and the lowering of the flags by security forces of India (Border Security Force) and Pakistan (Pakistan Rangers). The ceremony starts with a blustering parade by the soldiers from both the sides. The show starts off with the playing of patriotic songs and remembering the brave soldiers who laid down their lives for the country. As the sun sets, the iron gates at the border are opened and the two flags are lowered simultaneously. The flags are folded and the ceremony ends with a retreat that involves a brusque handshake between soldiers from either side.
The spectacle of the ceremony attracts many visitors from both sides of the border, as well as international tourists. One can visit the Wagah Border throughout the year. However, the best time to visit the city of Amritsar is during the months of October to March, as the weather is cool and pleasant. Summers here are extremely hot and can be avoided for any outside visit like the Wagah Border.
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