Jainism is a religion that prescribes pacifism and a path of non-violence towards all living beings. There are as many as 4.2 million Jain followers in India and about 6 to 12 million worldwide. A Jain temple is called Derasar or Mandir depending on where in India it is located. They are usually built from marble stone. Some famous Jain temples in India are given below.
Ranakpur Jain Temple, Rajasthan
The Ranakpur Jain Temple is located in the Pali district of Rajasthan, between the two beautiful cities of Rajasthan, Jodhpur and Udaipur on the valley of the Aravalli ranges. It is built by Seth Dharna Shah, who was a prominent Jain businessman, with the help of Rana Kumbha in the 15th century. It is famous for their intricate and superb architectural style and dedicated to Tirthankara Adinatha. It is most important temples of Jainism and one of the most visited religious place across the country.
Dilwara Jain Temple, Mount Abu
The Dilwara Jain temples are located nearly about 2 kilometres from the holy hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu. It is one of the most beautiful pilgrimage site of the Jainism in India and most famous in the world for its unique architecture. These Jain temples were built by Vastupal-Tejpal, a Jain laymen between the 11th and 13th centuries and are world famous for their stunning use of marble. The temples are in the midst of a range of forested hills. A high wall shrouds the temple complex.
Mirpur Jain Temples, Sirohi, Rajasthan
Mirpur Jain Temple is situated in Mirpur, a fortified town in the Sirohi district of Rajasthan. This town has four Jain temples and Mirpur Jain Temple is one of them. It was built in the 9th century AD, during the reign of the Rajputs. It is devoted to the 23rd Jain Tirthankara, Parsva. This temple was destroyed by Mahmud Begada in the 13th century, and was rebuilt and renovated in the 15th century. This temple is also mentioned in the ‘World and Encyclopedia of Art’.
Shri Mahavir Ji Temples, Karauli, Rajasthan
Shri Mahavir Ji is a famous Jain pilgrimage site. This famous sacred place of Shri Mahaveer ji lies on the bank of River Gambhir in the Hindaun sub-division of Karauli District in Rajasthan.
There are five temples in Shri Mahavirji:
- Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra Shri Mahavirji: Shree Chandanpur Mahavirjee is one of the miraculous pilgrimages of Jains. This pilgrimage situated at Hindaun Sub District in Karauli district of Rajasthan is splendoured with natural beauty.
- Shantinath Jinalaya: Shantinath Jinalaya at Shantiveer Nagar. In this Jinalaya Bhagwan Shantinath’s 28 feet high standing colossus is very beautiful. Icons of 24 Teerthankaras and their Shasan Deotas are also installed here. The main attraction of the temple is an imposing 32 ft high image of Lord Shantinath, the 16th Jain tirthankara.
- Bhagwan Parshvanath Jinalaya: Bhagwan Parshvanath Jinalaya also called ‘Kanch Ka Mandir’ due to beautiful and attractive mirror and glass work is situated in front of Sanmati Sanmati Dharmashala. This temple was constructed by Late Bramhacharini Kamla Bai.
- Kirti Ashram Chaityalaya (Jain Temple): Kirti Ashram Chaityalaya is located in front of Shri Shantinath Jinalaya.
- Bhavya Kamal Mandir: This is located on the road connecting Shantinath Jinalya and Main Temple.
All important trains stop at Shri Mahaveerji station on Delhi-Mumbai railway line of western railway. The temple is 7 Kms from the railway station. It is also connected to all major cities by road.
Tijara Jain Temple, Alwar, Rajasthan
This Jain Temple is dedicated to Chandraprabha. The temple is located in the hill town Tijara, in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. It is 55 kms from Alwar and 110 kms from Delhi. The temple was established in 1956 following the recovery of an idol of Chandraprabha. The white stone idol was retrieved from underground, reinforcing the belief that this place was once a Dehra, a place where Jain idols are worshipped.
The main deity of the temple is Chandraprabha, the eighth tirthankara of present cosmic age. The idol of Chandraprabha is 15 inch in height made of white stone.
Osian Temple, Jodhpur
The Osian Temple is situated about 65 km north of Jodhpur city in a small village, Osian. It is an oasis in the Thar Desert, and has been known as the “Khajuraho of Rajasthan” for its temples. It has the largest group of Hindu and Jain temples in Rajasthan which belongs to the two periods, 8th & 12th century during the rule of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. These temples are very small and are richly fashioned and magnificently built. In these temples, each temple has its own distinctive planning, layout, and design and no two temples are alike in any manner.
Lal Mandir, Delhi
Shri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir is the oldest and best known Jain temple in Delhi dedicated to the 23rd Tirthankara, Parshvanath. It is situated opposite to the great Red Fort near Chandni Chowk. The Temple was constructed in the year 1656 made of red sandstone and is popularly known by devotees as the Lal Mandir “Red Temple”. The temple also homes a Charity Hospital for Birds and offers free treatment. It also offers services to birds rescued from the accidents and bird hawkers. Squirrels and other small animals are also treated here as free of cost.
Sonagiri Jain Temples, Madhya Pradesh
Sonagiri which literally means, “the golden peak” is a place near to Datia district of Madhya Pradesh and famous for its several white Digambar Jain temples scattered around the hill and village. This sacred place is popular among devotees and ascetic saints to practice for self discipline, austerity and to attain Nirvana since the time of Chandraprabhu, the 8th Teerthankar of Jainism.
Here there are 77 beautiful Jain temples on hills and 26 temples in village. The temple No. 57 on the hill is the main temple. This temple has attractive artistic spire. In this temple the principal deity is Lord Chandraprabhu, 11 feet in height and 2 other beautiful idols of Lord Sheetal Nath and Parsvnath are installed. There is a column of dignity ( Manstambh ) 43 feet in height and an attractive model of Samavsharan.
Shikharji Jain Temple, Jharkhand
The Shikharji temples are located on the Parasnath Hill in Giridih district of Jharkhand. It stands high at 4429 feet in the middle of barren and agricultural plains of Chikri in Jharkhand covering an area of 200 Sq Km. The Jain Temple of Shikharji is dedicated to Sri Digambar Jains. It is a Tirtha believed to be the place where 20 tirthankaras along with many other saints attained Moksha.
Khajuraho Jain Temples
The village of Khajuraho is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. It’s numerous Hindu and Jain temples are famous for their erotic sculpture. The temples were built over a span of 200 years, from 950 to 1150 during the Chandella period. There are many Jain temples situated in Khajuraho. Two of them Parshvanath and Adinatha Temple still stand in a good state.
- Parshvanath Temple: This temple is built on a low plinth, unlike the high platforms of all other temples at Khajuraho, which makes it much easier to study the sculptures here.
- Adinath Temple: Standing beside the Parshvanath temple on the north side, is this expuisite little temple. The temple exterior has been divided into an adhishthana, above which are two rows of sculptures and a narrow band of celestial musicians and garland bearers.
Bawangaja Jain Temple
The bawangaja jain temple is famous Jain pilgrim center in the Barwani district of Madhya Pradesh. It is known for the tallest megalithic statue of the first Jain Tirthankara Adinatha. The statue of lord Adinatha is situated at a height of 400 m in the middle of the Satpura range. The statue is 84 feet high and was created early in the 12th century. The idol stands on base of mountain just like the Gommateshwara statue of Lord Bahubali at Shravanabelagola, Karnataka.
Palitana Jain Temple, Gujarat
The city of Palitana is a major pilgrimage centre for Jains in Gujarat. The temples of Palitana are considered the most sacred pilgrimage place in Jainism. The temple is located on Shetrunjaya hills and there are approximately 863 temples which are exquisitely carved in marble along with the main temple at top of the hill. They were built by generations of Jains over a period of 900 years, from the 11th century onwards. Temples of Palitana are dedicated to the first Tirthankra of jainism, Rushabhdev also known as Adinath. As the temple city was built to be an abode for the divine so no one is allowed to stay overnight, including the priests.
Girnar Jain Temples, Gujarat
Girnar is a holy place and an important pilgrimage for both Hindus and Jains since the 3rd century. The Jain temples at Girnar attract devotees of both Shwetambar and Digambar sects of Jainism. The two important Jain temples here are the Mallinath and Neminath. The Neminath Temple is the main attraction of Girnar. It was built during 1128 AD to 1159 AD. Another Jain temple in the region is the Parshwanath Temple. It was built in the 15th century and is also known as Meravasi.
Badagaon Jain Temple, Utter Pradesh
Badagaon is a village near Khekra, a town in the district of Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh. It is famous for Jain Mandir. Famous for a temple that houses an idol of Lord Parshvanath, the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism. The idol was recovered from a local well, and the water of the well is reputed to have curative powers.
Jain Chaurasi Temple, Mathura
Mathura, the Braj Bhoomi is sacred place for all major religions of India Situated on the banks of Yamuna River. It is not only a sacred place for Hindus but also for Jains. Jain Chaurasi Temple in Mathura stands as a proof to this. This jain temples has been constructed in memory of Jambu Swami, who attained nirvana at the age of 84 in Mathura. Anantvirya Bhagvan Bahubali was the first kevali who started the Moksha tradition in the chaturtha kaal. The 24 Jain Tirthankars next followed the path of salvation and attained nirvana or moksha.
Jambu Swami was the last Kevali of Chathurtha Kaal who attaned moksha. He belongs to Vaishya Vanshiya and attained nirvana, when he was of 84 years, in Mathura. Book Now!
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