Backwaters of Kerala – Backbone of Kerala Tourism

Kerala is one of the most popular holiday destinations in India. Backwaters in Kerala are world famous tourist attractions and attract people from all over the world.  The Kerala backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast of Kerala state in southern India.

The network includes five large lakes linked by canals, both manmade and natural, fed by 38 rivers, and extending virtually half the length of Kerala state.  They were formed by the action of waves and shore currents creating low barrier islands across the mouths of the many rivers flowing down from the Western Ghats range.

Some of the major backwaters in Kerala which are famous for their picturesque views are as follows:

Alleppey :- Famously and affectionately known as the “Venice of East“, the Alleppey Backwaters are the most magnificent backwater site of Kerala. Formerly, also known as Alappuzha among locals. The main attraction lies in the fact that the most exciting snake boat races are organized here every year on the occasion of Onam to give an enthralling treat to the tourists.

alleppey backwaters

Alleppey is also known as “Rice bowl of Kerala” as it is among very few places in the world where farming is carried out below sea level. During the ancient time this spot was the main trading and fishing center point and today it has changed itself as a globally perceived backwater destination.

Kochi: – Kochi it is a part of Ernakulam which is a beautiful district located on the coast of the Arabian Sea. Ernakulam is also titled as the ‘Queen of Arabian Sea’ as it is one of the finest natural harbors in the world. Due to it’s business significance, the huge powers, for example, the French, English, Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch and Jewish strived for amazingness in the zone which is the reason this destination has a combination of a several exotic cultures.

Just 8 kilometers away from the Ernakulam town is a historic place of Fort Cochin which has some beautiful impressions of the foreign heritage. The backwaters in Kochi are simply one more cause why a large number of visitors go to see this amazing port city.

Athirapally: – Athirappilly is a first grade Grama Panchayath with 489.00 km² area in Chalakudy Taluk, Thrissur district in Kerala, India. It is located 60 km from Thrissur city, 70 km northeast of Kochi city, 55 km northeast of Cochin International Airport, and 30 km from Chalakudy town

Major sightseeing at Ahirapally Waterfalls & Vazchal Waterfalls

Kollam: – The coastal district of Kollam formerly known as Quilon lies 70 km from Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala. Kollam backwater at present is increasingly on demand for its unbeatable nature attraction and adventure sports activities that are vibrantly taking place in it.

The long backwater cruise amidst the gently whispering palm ripples of serenity and tranquility of the lonely village ambience is the coolest atmosphere that you ever come across in Kollam backwater tours and other backwater.


The water is a natural habitat for water plants like water lilies and lotus that add charm to the meandering waterways. Enjoy the sight of the horizon where it seems like the sky and the water meet, while you sail softly on the calm waters, listening to the soft gushing of water.

Kumarakom:- Kumarakom is a serenely beautiful and scenic backwater destination of Kerala and is situated at approximately 14km from Kottayam district beside the stunning Vembanad lake. Unparalleled boating, fishing and sightseeing facilities, makes  Kumarakom a picturesque holiday spot in Kerala.


Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary situated at Kumarakom in Kottayam district, is extent at around 14 acres, and is the 2nd home of lots of migratory birds species which is why it won’t be wrong for us to say that it is indeed an ornithologists dreamland. The main attractions are local birds like waterfowl, egret, cuckoo, moorhen, owl, heron, darter, cormorant and brahminy kite, and additionally the migratory Siberian crane.  A portion of the migratory birds originate from the Himalayas, and a couple from Siberia.

Kottayam :- Kottayam Backwaters in Kerala is bounded by the Vembanad lake on the west and western ghats on the east. Kottayam Backwaters is famous for its natural beauty, visited by a large number of visitors around the world. A backwater journey in the Kottayam Backwaters is the ideal way, to make the most of your holidays in Kerala. You can basically invest energy at relaxation, laze down in the sun, go for the wildlife exploration and enjoy fishing on the peaceful backwaters.

Thiruvananthapuram/Trivandrum: – Thiruvananthapuram (or Trivandrum) is the capital of the southern Indian state of Kerala. It’s distinguished by its British colonial architecture and many art galleries. It’s also home to Puthenmalika Palace, adorned with carved horses and displaying collections related to the Travancore royal family, whose regional capital was here from the 18th-20th centuries. Along its coast are the popular beaches of Shankumugham and Kovalam.


Major sightseeing Shree Padmanabha Swami Temple, Napier Museum, Chitralayam Arts Gallery, Zoological gardens, Reptile house, Observatory and Kanakakunnu Palace, Aakulam Boat Club, Veli Tourist Village.

Calicut: – Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is a city in the state of Kerala in southern India on the Malabar Coast. Kozhikode is the second largest city in Kerala and is part of the second largest urban agglomeration in Kerala.

Major sightseeing at fish markets or venture into town and see the Sweet Meat Street and the many colourful shops. Visit the boat yards in Beypore, which have been building vessels since early centuries for legendary seamen. Witness a Kalarippayatu (Martial arts) demonstration.

Bekal: – Bekal is a small town in the Kasaragod district on the West coast of the state of Kerala, India.

There are several attractions in the area: the giant keyhole shaped Bekal Fort, the golden expanse of a beautiful beach surrounding the fort, backwaters and hill destinations and the water sport facilities nearby. Kasaragod is a beautiful town poised at the Northern extreme of Kerala 16 km south of the town on the National Highway, is the largest and best preserved fort in the whole of Kerala, bordered by a splendid beach. Shaped like a giant keyhole, the historic Bekal Fort offers a superb view of the Arabian Sea from its tall observation towers, which had huge cannons a couple centuries ago. The state of Kerala is reviewing a plan to start seaplane services connecting Bakel with Kollam Ashtamudi, Kumarakom, Punnamada and famous Paravur backwaters.

Kannur: – Kannur is formerly known as Cannanore, is a city and a Municipal Corporation in the Kannur district, state of Kerala, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Kannur District and 518 km north of state capital Thiruvananthapuram.

Major sightseeing Parassinikkadavu temple and the Kannur fort. You could also drive to the Muzhipilangad beach, Kerala’s only drive in beach.

Sulthan Bathery: – Sulthan Bathery previously known as Sultan’s Battery is a town in Wayanad district of Kerala, India. This town was part of Kidanganadu Village, which got its name because the presence of the Kidangans the tribes

Major sightseeing Thirunelli Temple set in a serene location amidst the Brahmagiri hills. With its lush vegetation and gurgling clear streams, the place presents a breathtaking spectacle. The shrine is shielded with 30 granite columns and the ground is paved with huge square pieces of granite.

Vythiri: – Vythiri is best known for its natural beauty, streams and waterfalls. It is a hideout from busy city life around and attract tourists from most part of india and abroad. The weather is pleasant and the nature is unique with rainforests and wild life.

Palakkad: – Palakkad also known as Palghat, is a city and municipality in the state of Kerala in southern India, spread over an area of 26.60 km² and is the administrative headquarters of the Palakkad District.

Major sightseeing the Silent Valley National Park Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Malampuzha and Kanjirapuzha dams.

Wayanad: – Wayanad district stands on the southern tip of the Deccan plateau and includes part of the Western Ghats. Quite a large area of the district is covered by forest but the continued and indiscriminate exploitation of the natural resources point towards an imminent environmental crisis. It has a large amount of dry and moist deciduous forest. Wayanad is home to endangered species.

Major sightseeing at Muthanga Wildlife Sanctury, Kuruva Island & Banasura Dam, Tholpatty , Edakel Caves

Varkala: – Varkala is a coastal town and municipality in Thiruvananthapuram district situated in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the suburban town of Thiruvananthapuram

Major sightseeing Papanasham Beach, Sivagiri Mutt, janardhanaswamy temple.

Kanyakumari: – Kanyakumari also known as Kanniyakumari, formerly known as Cape Comorin, is a town in Kanyakumari District in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The name comes from the temple, Devi Kanya Kumari Temple in the region.

Major sightseeing The Kumari Amman or the Kanyakumari Temple,Vivekananda Rock Memorial and the Gandhi Memorial

Munnar: – Munnar is a town in the Western Ghats Mountains in India’s Kerala state. Munnar, a hill station and former resort for the British Raj elite, is set within rolling hills dotted with tea plantations established in the 19th century. Eravikulam National Park, home to the endangered mountain goat Nilgiri tahr, is a seasonal trekking destination encompassing the Lakkam Waterfalls and 2,695m-tall Anamudi Peak.

Major sightseeing the Christ Church, the Evarikulam National Park, Rajamala Hills and the Madupetty Dam

Thekkady: – Thekkady is the location of the Periyar National Park, which is an important tourist attraction in the Kerala state of India

Activities: – spice plantation Elephant Ride, Boat Ride at Lake Periyar

Guruvayur: – Guruvayur also written as Guruvayoor or Gurupavanapuri, is a municipal town in Thrissur District, of Kerala State in India. It houses the Guruvayur Sree Krishna Temple, the fourth largest temple in India in terms of the number of devotees visiting per day

Activities: – Guruvayur Temple Punathur Kotta, as Kerala’s largest elephant court

Thrissur:- Thrissur originally Thrissivaperoor and previously known by its anglicized form as Trichur, is the fourth largest city, the third largest urban agglomeration in Kerala and the 20th largest in India.

Activities: Sakthen Thampuran Palace,Archeological musem , Zoo, ThrissurTown Hall,Bible Tower ,VIlengankunnu,Bhuvaneswari  Navagraha  Temple,Paramekkavu Bhagavathi Temple,Vadakkumnathan Temple

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